Carbine Vs. Mid Length: What Are The Main Differences?

Carbine Vs. Mid Length: What Are The Main Differences?

The choice between the carbine vs. mid-length gas systems for the AR-15 rifle has been a heating debate for many gunners. So how are they different regarding design and performance?

If you are wondering which is the better option between the two gas systems, don’t skip this post. I will discuss their pros and cons and give you more insights into their core differences.

Each category shines in its own way. Therefore grasping the details in this post can help you make the wisest choice. Continue reading, and I will show you!

The Differences Between Carbine Vs. Mid Length

As their names suggest, the universal difference lies in the slightly longer length of the carbine gas systems. Regarding their design, the carbine gas systems commonly have an unmovable front sight.

Meanwhile, the mid-length gas systems feature a higher-profile front sight, allowing users to flexibly adjust or remove it. Before I dwell on the details, let’s first get through the short summary of their core strengths and setbacks.

Pros And Cons Of The Carbine Vs. Mid-Length Gas Systems

Carbine

In general, the carbine gas systems would be ideal for the suppressors due to their special design and suppressed operation. Therefore they are more popular in the AR rifle platforms with a low-profile front sight.

The advantages of the carbine gas systems over their counterparts lie in higher availability and popularity. You can easily find the carbine components with flexible options.

However, the carbine gas systems deliver higher recoil power, thus making shooting less comfortable than using the mid-length products. The decreased dwell time is another significant setback you should consider.

The Carbine Gas System On The SR-16
The Carbine Gas System On The SR-16

Mid-length

When it comes to shooting performance and operation, the mid-length gas systems exceed their counterparts in many facets. The first obvious difference lies in the lighter recoil power generated when shooting.

As a result, you will get a more comfortable shooting experience using the mid-length products. In addition, they feature an adjustable and removable front sight, giving more comfort and ease of handling in the usage process.

Another significant strength of the mid-length gas systems is their high accuracy. Combined with the longer dwell time, they make an ideal option for medium and long-range shooting distances.

However, the mid-length gas systems tend to encounter some issues when used for full-auto rifles. These problems may decrease their overall reliability, which I shall discuss in the following sections.

Dwell Time

Dwell time indicates the delay time gap when the bullet gets fired out of the tube hole until it leaves the rifle’s barrel. This time gap is critical since it suppresses the gas pressure generated when cycling the action.

When dwell time is too short or doesn’t exist, the gas pressure will burst out and damage the gun’s barrel or seal. This phenomenon is commonly known as “over gassing.”

So theoretically, the longer the dwell length, the healthier it is for the gun. I have tested the dwell time of the carbine and mid-length gas systems on some AR platforms, ranging from 16 inches to 7,5 inches.

The mid-length gas system delivered a dwell length of 8,5 inches, while the figure for the carbine gas system reached 6,5 inches. It’s obvious that the dwell length on the mid-length gas system is healthier than its counterpart.

As a result, the gas pressure generated will stay for longer in the chamber using the mid-length gas systems. Meanwhile, the carbine systems will get dirtier and may release more gas, causing the shooters headache and discomfort.

The Mid-length Rock River Arms
The Mid-length Rock River Arms

Bolt Velocity 

When the generated gasses travel for longer from the chamber, they will cool down and reduce the pressure. Eventually, it will reduce the bolt velocity. Both the carbine and mid-length gas systems generated pretty high gas pressure.

However, the peak pressure of the carbines is much higher, standing at 26,000 psi. The mid-length gas systems feature a peak gas pressure of 21,000 psi.

This difference also explains why you will experience more recoil when using a carbine gas system. Many people often think that the high pressure of the carbines equals high bolt velocity, which is actually a beneficial thing.

However, things are a little more complicated. Too high gas pressure may overdrive the barrel action and cause some problems like bullet jams, higher bounce, and the slippage of the extractor.

Though the carbine gas systems may bring higher bolt velocity, it is not as durable and reliable as the mid-lengths. For this reason, the mid-length gas systems are more suitable for those prioritizing reliability and comfort.

Muzzle Velocity

Similar to the bolt velocity, the peak gas pressure also decides the muzzle velocity of one gas system. As I have discussed above, the carbines feature higher gas pressure, thus giving a more powerful muzzle velocity.

The muzzle velocity should be considered more for short-range and close-distance shooting. However, it will lead to more gas emitted from the barrel and make the gunners feel uncomfortable.

In addition, high muzzle velocity is actually a setback for long-range shooting.

The excessive recoil power makes it harder for you to aim and handle the gun, thus reducing the overall accuracy.

So once again, the mid-length gas systems are the better option for long-range shooting with higher comfort, accuracy, and less recoil.

Design

Though it depends on each person’s preference to judge the aesthetic look of each gas system, I personally prefer the rifle with carbine gas systems. They feature a shorter and more compact design.

The big size of the mid-lengths sometimes looks too bulky or obstructive. However, it’s totally fine if you like the carbines’ design over their counterpart.

But the compact design of the carbines is not always ideal. They may make the shooters feel cramped and harder to manage as they have to extend their hands further.

Meanwhile, many mid-length rifles are at least two-inch longer, giving the shooters an extra space to handle.

Price

A Close-Quarter Rifle
A Close-Quarter Rifle

With a higher-quality front size, extended length, and heavier weight, it’s not surprising that the mid-length gas systems come with a higher price. They can greatly improve your shooting performance with higher accuracy and comfort.

However, the carbines feature higher availability. You can find them easier with more options to choose from.

If you want more in-depth comparisons between these two categories, watch this video to find out!

Final Verdict: Which Is Better Between Carbine Vs Mid Length?

I can conclude that the mid-length gas system is the overall winner due to its superior performance and specs. It brings a healthier dwell time, bolt velocity, and less gas port pressure.

So, you will achieve higher accuracy and comfort when using mid-lengths. In addition, they are also more durable and easier to handle than carbines.

However, it doesn’t mean that the mid-length gas systems are always the optimal choice for every gunner. The key is choosing a category that well suits your firearm size.

If you use close-quarter rifles with shorter and more compact barrels, the carbines would be ideal. They are less obstructive and lighter to carry, which is suitable for shooting in tight places or at close distances.

So that’s the basic pros and cons of the carbines and mid-lengths. I hope that you can choose an optimal category by now.

Thank you for reading!

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